An Outdated View: The Theory of Evolution
Jean B. Lamarck: Science
brought his theory down.
The idea that life is the product
of an uncontrolled, purposeless process of coincidence
is a 19th century myth. Looking at the matter
from the primitive level of the science of the
period, evolutionists assumed that life was very
are more than a million species living on the
earth. How did these creatures with entirely distinct
features and perfect designs come into being?
Anyone who uses his reason would understand that
life is the work of a perfect and supreme creation.
However, the theory of evolution
denies this explicit truth. It holds that all
species on earth evolved from one another through
a process based on random occurrences.
The first person to seriously take
up the issue of evolution – an idea which originated
in Ancient Greece – was the French biologist Jean
Baptiste Lamarck. Lamarck's theory, which he postulated
in the early 19th century, maintained that "living
things transferred the traits they acquired during
their lifetime to subsequent generations."
In Lamarck's view, for instance, giraffes had
evolved from antelope-like animals who extended
their necks further and further as they tried
to reach higher branches for food. The advent
of the science of genetics, however, refuted Lamarck's
theory once and for all.
Charles Darwin, an amateur naturalist,
advanced his theory in his book, The Origin
of Species, published in 1859. He confessed
to many points which defied explanation
in the chapter "Difficulties On Theory",
and hoped that these problems would be
solved in the future. This hope, however,
came to nothing.
THE PROBLEM OF THE
When Darwin put forward his theory, palaeontologists
opposed him the most. They knew that the
"intermediary transitional forms" which
Darwin imagined to have existed, never existed
in reality. Darwin was hoping that this
problem would be overcome by new fossil
findings. Palaeontology, on the contrary,
invalidated Darwin's theory more and more
The second important name to defend
the theory after Lamarck was a British amateur
naturalist, Charles Darwin. In his book The Origin
of Species, published in 1856, he claimed that
all species descended from a common ancestor through
coincidences. According to Darwin, for instance,
whales evolved from bears that tried to hunt in
Darwin did not base his
claim on any concrete evidence or finding.
He just made some observations and produced
some ideas. He carried out most of his observations
on board a ship called the H.M.S. Beagle
that had set sail from Britain.
Darwin had serious doubts as he put
forward his assertions. He was not so confident
of his theory. He confessed to there being many
points which he was unable to explain in the chapter
titled "Difficulties On Theory". Darwin
had hoped that these problems would be solved
in the future with the progress of science, and
made some projections. 20th century science, however,
disproved Darwin's claims one by one. The common
point of Lamarck's and Darwin's theories was that
both rested on a primitive understanding of science.
The absence of various domains of science such
as biochemistry and microbiology at the time led
evolutionists to think that living things had
a simple structure that could form by chance.
Since the laws of genetics were not known, it
was supposed that creatures could simply evolve
into new species.
The progress of science overthrew
all of these myths and revealed that living things
are the work of a superior creation.